Water Resources

Optimizing Life’s Most Precious Resource – HGL offers expert aid to regulatory agencies, management organizations, and enterprises charged with stewardship of water resources. As a global leader in innovative environmental and resource management solutions, HGL realizes that achieving global sustainability will require maintaining a healthy environment and prudently managing water resources while satisfying ever-increasing energy needs. For 30 years HGL has been providing a wide range of water resources management services to clients around the world facing both water quantity and water quality challenges. HGL’s engineers and scientists leverage industry-leading modeling tools, innovative technologies, and best management practices to design cost-effective solutions. HGL offers extensive experience in the following areas: integrated water resources management, water supply management, drought management, flood control/management, and groundwater investigation and remediation.

HGL’s expertise encompasses the following service areas:

  • Integrated Water Resources Management:
    • Basin, Watershed, and Local Planning Support
    • Optimization and Decision Support
    • Stakeholder Engagement
    • Scenario Analysis
    • Climate Change and Resiliency
  • Water Supply Management
    • Groundwater/Surface Water Studies
    • Subsidence Investigation
    • Saline Intrusion
    • Conjunctive Use
    • Aquifer Storage and Recovery
    • Consumptive Use
    • Permitting
  • Drought Management
    • Water Audits and Conservation Strategies
    • Safe Yield Analysis
    • Resource Allocation
    • Alternate Water Sourcing
    • Operations Plan Optimization
  • Flood Control/Management
    • Mitigation Design Support
    • Surface Water Modeling/Analysis
    • Geospatial Data Analysis
    • Operations Plan Optimization
  • Groundwater Investigation and Remediation
    • Groundwater Fate and Transport Modeling
    • Nutrient Transport and Management Studies
    • Groundwater Remediation
    • Remediation Optimization
    • Long-Term Treatment Operations

    The following projects demonstrate HGL’s expertise in Water Resources:


    Water Resources Modeling Evaluation, for the Apalachicola, Chattahoochee, and Flint River Basin, Florida

    For the Northwest Florida Water Management District (NWFWMD), HGL performed a comprehensive analysis of transient stream flow reduction caused by groundwater pumping in the Apalachicola, Chattahoochee, and Flint (ACF) River Basin in portions of Florida, Georgia, and Alabama. The starting point of this analysis was a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) study that focused on steady-state conditions and addressed seasonal fluctuations in only a limited manner. HGL reviewed the USGS-developed groundwater model, including its adequacy for simulating the Floridan aquifer system and groundwater/surface water interactions. HGL extended the model and performed 55-year transient model simulations for 1995, 2010, and 2050 projections. These projections included both “expected” and “high” demands, as well as “dry” and “normal” conditions. Various future operating conditions were also analyzed for the ACF River reservoir system with respect to water supply and water quality. HGL used the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ HEC-5 model, along with a 55-year record of observed daily stream flows to evaluate the upper limits of available water after all reservoir uses, other than flood protection, had been satisfied.

    Project Highlights
    Extended the USGS-developed MODFE model for transient simulations to better define the reasonably expected regime of stream-aquifer flow reductions over the course of a typical growing season, taking into account recharge from the overburden that includes storage effects.
    Provided expert assistance to NWFWMD in the setup, application, analysis, and review of the HEC-5 model for system alternatives and assistance in the application of the HEC-5Q model to evaluate water quality environmental conditions in the Apalachicola River and Bay.
    Provided technical assistance to Florida’s General Counsel with respect to interstate compacts and contracts pertaining to water allocation and rights for Florida, Georgia, and Alabama.
    Conducted a comprehensive analysis of water availability through development and calibration of a regional groundwater flow model using MODHMS® over Walton, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, and Escambia Counties that included the Surficial and Floridan Aquifer Systems.


    Development and Calibration of a Watershed Hydrologic Model, Florida

     For the Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD), HGL developed a comprehensive watershed hydrologic model of the area that includes the Northern District Model (NDM) and the SWFWMD-Wide Regulatory Model (DWRM). The model was used to estimate recharge and evapotranspiration based on climatic factors, and the findings were used to improve the calibration and simulation capabilities of the NDM and to provide time-dependent recharge to the DWRM. The calibration of the NDM was refined using the new recharge datasets.

    This project comprised two phases. The objective of the first phase was to construct and calibrate HSPF-based models that simulate watershed hydrology and surface water flow in the NDM and DWRM domains. Data used in the development of the models included NEXRAD-based and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-gauged precipitation, U.S. Geological Survey GOES-based ET, landuse, soil types, stream flow time series, and anthropogenic stresses. Calibration metrics, based on specific comparisons between simulated and observed values, included annual and monthly runoff volumes; daily time series of flow; storm event periods (e.g., hourly values); and flow frequency (flow duration) curves. Once calibrated, the models were used to generate recharge for the current steady-state and transient NDM and DWRM. The DWRM was the first calibrated continuous flow surface water model to simulate the hydrology of all the watersheds within and immediately beyond SWFWMD boundaries, accounting for major hydrological processes and infrastructure.

    Project Highlights
    Developed a regional HSPF-based surface water model, referred to as DWRM, for simulating surface hydrologic processes and predicting recharge and groundwater ET fluxes for subsurface models.
    Calibrated observed streamflow in rivers and streams, as well as baseflow and ET.
    Compared generated total recharge and groundwater ET fluxes with those from an existing groundwater model and an integrated groundwater/surface water model.
    Generated recharge and ET for the entire DWRM area and the NDM.
    Incorporated recharge and ET into the NDM model and recalibrated the NDM model.


    Three-Dimensional Saltwater Intrusion Model, for the Tiger Bay, Volusia County, Florida

    The Tiger Bay area within Volusia County has been identified as a Priority Water Resource Caution Area because of its predicted inability to meet 2025 water-supply demands from traditional groundwater supply sources without unacceptable impacts on water quality, wetlands, and other natural resources. The St. Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD) contracted HGL to develop a groundwater flow and density-dependent saltwater intrusion model to provide an essential analytical and management tool for evaluating increases in groundwater withdrawals and water quality trends. For the purposes of the Water Supply Assessment, SJRWMD evaluated water quality trends and increases in groundwater withdrawals. To make the evaluation process inclusive of potential saltwater intrusion, HGL developed a density-dependent groundwater flow and transport model. The developed model was used to assess the extent of potential saline intrusion under different water management scenarios.


    Project Highlights
    Developed a groundwater model that spanned approximately 24 miles in an east-west direction and 34 miles in a north-south direction, incorporated the salient sub-regional hydrogeologic influences within the Tiger Bay area based on available published data from several sources, including SJRWMD, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
    Used the USGS SEAWAT-2000 code as a simulator for density-dependent groundwater flow and transport in the model region.
    Calibrated the model in two stages: predevelopment calibration (circa 1936) and transient calibration (1936 to present).
    Used the calibrated model to perform a predictive simulation to evaluate the effects of projected pumping rates.
    Conducted sensitivity analyses to assess the range of predictive uncertainty of the model.





    Point of Contact

    Tad Fox, P.G.
    Director of Applied Modeling
    E-mail: tfox@hgl.com